Bird intelligence comes in many forms, and scientists are finding that many species exhibit intelligence similar to that of marine mammals, apes and even humans.
Parrots immediately come to mind, with their ability to solve problems, form emotional bonds, mimic speech and even understand some rudimentary grammar.
But smarts aren’t the sole domain of tropical birds. Corvids—including crows, ravens, jays and magpies—are renowned for their intelligence too, and many other backyard birds are no slouches. Take a look at the smart birds that get bragging rights for their amazingly brainy behavior.
Mockingbirds use their mimicking calls to chase off predators.
Some birds, especially woodpeckers and jays, hoard nuts for later feeding. Not only is the collecting and caching of food an example of planning for the future, the birds’ ability to find their hidden treasure later on demonstrates impressive long-term memory. Similarly, fruit eaters such as robins and cedar waxwings remember where specific trees are and when they will fruit.
Humming birds recall which individual plants in their habitat are rich with nectar and will return each year to those very flowers, trees or bushes
Many birds bravely defend their nests, attacking potential predators to drive them away, but this defensive behavior is typically indiscriminate. Any perceived threat is mobbed or dive-bombed. Yet a recent study of northern mockingbirds documented that they not only recognize individuals of a potentially dangerous species but remember an individual’s past behavior and single him or her out for attack.
This behavior has been reported anecdotally in other species as well, including robins. research could well reveal that still other kinds of birds… americas smartest birds>>>